Everyone’s talking about stakeholder engagement these days. For good reason: it’s vital to gaining and maintaining access to valuable business resources (think Dakota Access Pipeline). In our age of polarized confrontation, things like corporate social responsibility, social license and public engagement are essential to the social and economic success of projects.
But if I were to ask you how many projects your business has on the go, would you be able to tell me – at the drop of a hat – who your key stakeholders are and whether they support your project? More specifically, would you be able to quantify the quality of your interactions with these stakeholders and the topics discussed with them? Could you pinpoint the specific issues that have emerged from these interactions? Do you even know if you are engaging for the right reasons?
Because you should, particularly if your projects present significant impacts or opportunities for your stakeholders.
Why CRM customizations fail at stakeholder engagement
In previous articles, we’ve looked at some of the reasons why CRM and SE systems are not interchangeable. That being said, it can be very tempting for IT teams to try to tweak their CRM system to integrate stakeholder management. First, due to their relatively widespread implementation, CRM systems are already part of the existing application portfolio of many organizations. Secondly, their data tracking functionalities are somewhat similar.
Unfortunately, this tweaking exercise is all but doomed to fail from the start – for a number of reasons.
- CRM implementation has a high risk of failure.
CRM systems are reported to have more than a 50% risk of failure. If CRM can’t succeed in its own backyard, how can it possibly cope with – let alone excel in – the increasingly complex world of stakeholder management?
- CRM systems are not built with stakeholder management in mind.
CRM systems are designed for streamlining the key aspects of customer interactions, not for visualizing project infrastructure and identifying key stakeholders. Asking CRM to do so will only increase the risk of engagement activities not being properly targeted and social risks not being adequately managed, which in turn increases community engagement costs. Remember that while most customers will be stakeholders to varying degree, not all stakeholders will be customers. That means they will have very different needs and interests. Including stakeholder engagement (which is typically a lower priority than sales) in the CRM only increases the risk of not meeting the expectations of users and management.
- Configuring CRM for stakeholder management purposes is a long, uphill battle.
The languages, processes, functionalities, analytical tools and dashboards in CRM systems are all designed with customer relationships in mind, not stakeholder management. Because of this, CRM systems are poorly suited to needs of community relations or external affairs agents, and even less so to field activities. With highly developed stakeholder engagement systems already out there, there’s little to gain from reinventing the wheel.
- Customizing a CRM is extremely costly and often unsuccessful.
And then there’s the cost of customizing CRM to bring it to an acceptable level for stakeholder engagement purposes. For most organizations, this will be vastly prohibitive – not to mention highly frustrating and an unnecessary waste of internal resources that could otherwise go to more productive use. It’s not unusual for organizations to invest one or two years in customization only to reject the final outcome because the tweaked system simply did not meet their needs. (This article succinctly answers the eternal buy-or-build question.)
- It takes a system solidly built around best practices to optimize processes.
As stakeholder engagement becomes increasingly sophisticated, organizations are realizing that they need much more than simply a basic contact register in which issues raised during meetings and other communications are recorded. They need a system designed to encompass all aspects of engagement activities, such as planning and monitoring engagement activities, minimizing unexpected risks, ensuring compliance, managing grievances and commitments, tracking consultations and maintaining social licence to operate.
Driving successful stakeholder engagement from day 1
Consider this case in point. A national railway recently found itself rethinking its approach to stakeholder engagement. This railway has to manage thousands of kilometres of rail tracks passing through hundreds of towns and villages. It has an entire team dedicated to handling the multiple incidents that occur each and every day along these tracks. That’s a colossal infrastructure to oversee, not to mention an enormous number of stakeholders to engage in order to adequately address their concerns and expectations.
Even though the railway was spending a fortune on stakeholder relationships, its efforts were not delivering the desired results. Like many other organizations, it too initially looked at adapting its CRM system, but soon realized that all the coding would be too costly and too long to deploy. It would also require a significant amount of internal training. So rather than trying to find a way to fit its CRM to its needs, it shifted its thinking and began looking for a system specifically designed for optimizing stakeholder engagement. Among other things, it wanted:
- Better reporting (at different levels, such as project vs. corporate)
- Accurate indicators of community concerns, company perception
- Mapping of all assets (current and planned)
- Visually compelling information available in just a few clicks
- Improved internal processes and ability to link engagement with company commitments
- Institutional memory of interactions per project, area, stakeholder, etc.
- Most importantly, a stronger engagement strategy
A stakeholder relationship management system offered all this and much more, right out of the box. Deployment was quick and seamless, and training only took a few days.
The right tool means better results
If there’s a moral to this story, it’s that stakeholder management has become a highly specialized field requiring specialized tools. And these tools have evolved greatly in recent years, with the integration of public participation tools, online engagement, social media, big data, etc. The better SE systems out there offer flexible configuration options that can be integrated into your environment with minimal effort, enabling you to efficiently support your strategy and processes (offering the ideal solution to the buy-or-build dilemma).
One of the biggest mistakes organizations can make is failing to recognize all key stakeholders and cultivating productive relationships with them. In a future article we’ll look at how SE software can help you optimize analytics and KPI tracking in order to gain a better picture of how well you are succeeding at your engagement activities.
Header image credit: Freepik.com
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