According to IFC, different planning instruments are used to achieve the objectives for the OP 4.12 Involuntary Resettlement policy, by type of project: (part 2)
Abbreviated Resettlement Plan
An abbreviated plan shall include the following minimum elements:
- Census of displaced individuals and valuation of assets
- Description of compensation and assistance for the resettlement.
- Inquiries with the displaced individuals about acceptable alternatives.
- Institutional responsibility for the application and procedures for redress of grievances.
- Provisions for follow-up and application of the Plan.
- Calendar and budget.
Resettlement Policy Framework
The Resettlement Policy Framework shall include the following elements:
- Brief description of the project and components for which the procurement of lands and resettlement are required.
- Principles and objectives governing the preparation and execution of the resettlement.
- Description of the process for elaboration and approval of resettlement plans.
- Estimated population to be displaced and likely categories of displaced individuals.
- Eligibility criteria to define various categories of displaced individuals.
- Legal framework to examine compatibility between borrowers’ laws and regulations and Bank policy requirements, and measures proposed to reduce the gap between them.
- Methods for valuation of the goods affected.
- Institutional procedures for the definition of rights, among them, for projects involving intermediaries from the private sector, responsibilities of financial intermediaries, the government, etc.
- Description of the implementation process, including execution of the resettlement and civil works.
- Description of complaint mechanisms.
- Description of provisions for resettlement funding.
- Description of mechanisms of consultation and participation for displaced individuals.
- Provisions for supervision by the executing agency and, if necessary, by independent observers.
The process framework describes the participation processes by which the following activities shall be performed:
- Project components that shall be prepared and executed. The document shall briefly describe the project and the components and activities that may imply new restrictions or strengthen some existing ones. The processes by which the persons potentially displaced participate in the project design shall also be described.
- Criteria for eligibility of the individuals affected shall be determined. Establishing that communities potentially affected shall be involved in the identification of the adverse impacts, evaluation of significance of such impacts, and establishment of the eligibility criteria and all the necessary measures for mitigation or compensation.
- Measures to help the individuals affected in their efforts to improve their means of support or to reestablish them. Methods and procedures by which the communities shall identify and choose potential measures for mitigation or compensation, and decision procedures available to the community.
- Potential conflicts or complaints within or between the affected communities must be resolved. Description of the process to resolve possible conflicts.
- Administrative and legal procedures. Revision of agreements regarding the resettlement process with the administrative jurisdictions and competent ministries, including a clear delimitation of administrative and financial responsibilities according to the project framework.
- Control mechanisms The document shall review the mechanisms for participatory monitoring of project activities in relation to impacts on individuals and for following-up the effectiveness of measures adopted to restore and/or improve the income and standards of living of the people to be resettled.
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